Getting Comfortable With The Basics

Using Search Tools

How big is the Web? x

How do I find Web sites?

  • For known sites, follow links or type in a Web site address, also known as a Uniform Resource Locator or URL.
  • Make an educated guess about what the URL might be:
    • All Web addresses start with http://
    • Many addresses include www first
    • Example:
      • Note: Modern browsers do not require you to enter the “http://” part of the web address.
        You usually don’t need the “www”.

Search Engines

Search engines allow you to search through huge indexes of Web sites created by computer programs called robots or spiders and display results according to relevance.

Use search engines to find:

  • Unique keywords or hard to find information
  • Combinations of unique keywords
  • Pages buried deep in a Web site

Search engines use the following search techniques. Check the search engine’s HELP for specifics.

  • “double quotes” for phrase searching
    • ex. “lung cancer”
  • + means the word or phrase must be in your results
    • ex. +diabetes+Hispanics

–   toyota operator manual bluetooth youtube
–   pizza manchester pa
–   family doctors fort myers fl

Top Search Engines

In 2021 Google accounted for just over 71% of all global desktop search traffic, followed by Baidu at 13%, Bing at 12%, and Yahoo at 2%.

Specialized Web Guides

Specialized Web guides are comprehensive directories to Web sites on a particular topic.


Problems with Web Sites

  • Almost anyone can publish on the Web.
  • It’s often difficult to determine the author of a site.
  • There’s a lack of basic quality standards.
  • Most information is unfiltered.
  • The Web often functions as a soapbox.
  • Users face the “garbage in, gospel out” phenomenon.


Google search basics: Basic search help

Search is simple: type whatever comes to mind in the search box, hit Enter, or click the Search button, and Google will search the Web for content that’s relevant to your search.

Most of the time, you’ll find what you’re looking for with just a basic query (the word or phrase you search for). However, the following tips can help you make the most of your searches. Throughout the article, we’ll use square brackets [ ] to signal a search query, so [ black and white ] is one query, while [ black ] and [ white ] are two separate queries.

Some basic facts

  • Generally, all the words you put in the query will be used.
  • Search is always case insensitive. So, for example, a search for [ new york times ] is the same as [ New York Times ].
  • Generally, punctuation is ignored, including @#$%^&*()=+[]\ and other special characters.

There are some exceptions to the rules above.

Tips for better searches

  • Keep it simple. If you’re looking for a particular company, just enter its name, or as much of its name as you can recall. If you’re looking for a particular concept, place, or product, start with its name. If you’re looking for a pizza restaurant, just enter pizza and the name of your town or your zip code. Most queries do not require advanced operators or unusual syntax. Simple is good.
  • Think how the page you are looking for will be written. A search engine is not a human, it is a program that matches the words you give to pages on the Web. Use the words that are most likely to appear on the page. For example, instead of saying [ my head hurts ], say [ headache ], because that’s the term a medical page will use. The query [ in what country are bats considered an omen of good luck? ] is very clear to a person, but the document that gives the answer may not have those words. Instead, use the query [ bats are considered good luck in ] or even just [ bats good luck ], because that is probably what the right page will say.
  • Describe what you need with as few terms as possible. The goal of each word in a query is to focus it further. Since all words are used, each additional word limits the results. If you limit too much, you will miss a lot of useful information. The main advantage to starting with fewer keywords is that, if you don’t get what you need, the results will likely give you a good indication of what additional words are needed to refine your results on the next search. For example, [ weather Cancun ] is a simple way to find the weather and it is likely to give better results than the longer [ weather report for Cancun Mexico ].
  • Choose descriptive words. The more unique the word is the more likely you are to get relevant results. Words that are not very descriptive, like ‘document,’ ‘website,’ ‘company,’ or ‘info,’ are usually not needed. Keep in mind, however, that even if the word has the correct meaning but it is not the one most people use, it may not match the pages you need. For example, [ celebrity ringtones ] is more descriptive and specific than [ celebrity sounds ].

The Basic search help article above covers all the most common issues, but sometimes you need a little bit more power. This document will highlight the more advanced features of Google Web Search.


Some practice searches:

  1. weather Phoenixville, PA
  2. weather 19460
  3. toaster oven target
  4. Italian restaurant 33908


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