September 6, 1959
Sunday Patriot-News, Harrisburg, Pa. Sept. 6,1959
Strip Farming Boosts York County Productivity
County farmers are celebrating its 20th anniversary of participation with special programs and ceremonies.
Selected to receive the 1959 Soil Conservation award was C. B. (Chris) Musser, 63-year-old Mt. Wolf R.D. 1 farmer.
Musser operates a farm in Manchester. He has raised potatoes, peaches, corn, barley, oats, wheat, chickens, turkeys and fattened steers and hogs.
The life-long farmer became a co-operator with the York County Soil Conservation District in 1943, His gently sloping farmland is protected from erosion by 75 acres of strip cropping, 12 acres of perennial hay and 11 acres of pasture. He has a farm pond for water storage, fish production, fire fighting and recreation. He has planted hedgerows for wildlife cover and food.
The Musser farm was selected as an outstanding example of farm family life and for a full length colour movie, "For Years to Come," which was shown by U.S. Department of Agriculture through the nation, China and Russia.
Musser is interested in the reforestation of idle areas surrounding Pinchot Park, which he believes will help control erosion, conserve rainfall and enhance the aesthetic value of the countryside.
York County depends heavily upon its agriculture. More than 40 per cent of the 200,000 persons live in rural areas and are engaged in agriculture or related industries. Average farm is 75 acres, 90 per cent owned by the farmer. This farmland is valued at $65 million and provides an annual income of $32 million.
Musser Farm As It Was Worked 16 Years Ago
Chris Musser is shown with his horses and equipment as he formed his
land before he joined in the strip cropping program. It is barren and
large areas of the land remained untouched, almost going to waste.
Musser Farm As It Appears Today
The same Chris Musser cultivates the some area, but now under
the soil conservation planning. The picture was taken from
approximately the some spot as the earlier photo.
York Conservation Queen Meets the Mussers
Connie Quesenberry, 16, Stewartstown, R. D. 1, thanks Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Musser
for the watch they presented to her on behalf of York County Soil Conservation
Service at 20th anniversary celebration.
Aerial View of Musser Farm
The contour of Musser's land as shown in this aerial photo,
describes better than words the meaning of strip farming.
Service Administrator Meets Musser
Donald A. Williams administrator for U.S. Soil Conservation Service,
Washington, D.C., congratulates Musser for his fine farm program
at 20th anniversary celebration at Musser farm.
Water Pond Helpful in Successful Farming
Glenn Musser, 16, left, son of Chris Musser, stocks farm pond with blue gills,
as father looks on approvingly. Pond is a must as it provides water for
fire-fighting, recreation, water storage and fish production.
Glenn Musser uses arc torch on implements. Being able
to make repairs is important on a farm.
Contour Plowing Aids in Strip Farming
Paul Musser, 31, one of the Musser sons, demonstrates contour plowing.
Every furrow acts as little dam and keeps soil from washing away.
Sunday Patriot-News, Harrisburg, Pa. Sept. 6,1959
Science & Medicine
After X-15 takes off it will climb almost vertically until it
reaches the peak of its bullet-like flight. Plunging back
toward Earth, the pilot will be guided by a gyroscopic
system to avoid danger of re-entry.
X-15 Will, Blast Off
From 'Mother Ship
At Speed of 3600 mph
By WAYNE HUGHES
For the Sunday Patriot-News
Snuggled under a wing of a giant B-52 jet bomber, the X-15 rocket research airplane is carried high above the Earth to its point of take off into space. At 38,000 feet it will be fueled with liquid oxygen and its pilot will climb into the tiny cockpit. Then it will cut loose from the "mother ship" and an American astronaut will begin his first flight into space.
The rocket engines will fire and the needle nose of X-15 will swing up. From the moment its flight begins, a Complex gyroscopic control and guidance system will assist the pilot in navigating the craft. Blasting into space at 3,600 M.P.H., Or better, X-15 will rise more than 150 miles above the Earth at an extremely steep angle of climb.
More like a bullet than an airplane, X-15 will reach the peak of its trajectory within 90 seconds. With fuel exhausted, it will hang on in space momentarily as its momentum tapers off. At the precise instant the guidance system will tell the pilot to use his supplementary rocket controls to dip the nose back toward Earth.
Fighting the sensation of zero gravity, the pilot will begin his plunge toward the Earth's atmosphere where he will encounter one of his greatest hazards – reentry
As the craft hurtles down, the gyroscopic system must "sense" the point of reentry, warn the pilot and help him pull out of his dive to slow the craft and avoid overheating. If he fails to pull out, X-15 will burn to a crisp in moments.
In a series of dives and flat glides, X-15 will descent through the atmosphere until it lands at a slow 275 miles per hour on nose wheel and skids.
The entire flight, from blast off to landing, will require only a few minutes. Within that time, man will have entered the doorway to outer space. He will have escaped from the Earth and returned.
The next step will be manned orbital flight around Earth. X-15 will pave the way.
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
September 17, 1959 – Thursday
The North American X-15 jet fighter made its first powered flight, with test pilot Scott Crossfield guiding it. A B-52 bomber carried the X-15 to 38,000 feet over Edwards AFB, and Crossfield then launched to 50,000 feet. The X-15 could reach a maximum altitude of 67 miles, sufficient to put it into space although not into orbit.